In the course of geological time, the tectonic plates undergo significant and permanent deformations associated with the formation of mountain ranges or continental rifts which are marked in the landscape by the creation of topography along large faults of crustal to lithospheric scales.
Our understanding of tectonic phenomena is based on our ability to predict and model these deformations. Despite numerous efforts in the development of numerical models of tectonic deformation, modelling the formation and evolution of these faults over geological time poses serious problems. In fact, in the formulation used by the tectonic models, the geometry of the faults and their number depend on the resolution of the grid on which the calculation is made.
2020). Towards robust and predictive geodynamic modelling: the way forward in frictional plasticity. Geophysical Research Letters, 47, e2019GL086027. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019GL086027, , , & . (